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Considered the greatest English-speaking writer in history and known as England’s national poet, William Shakespeare (1564-1616) has had more theatrical works performed than any other playwright
Vocabulary. Read and check you understand this before you read and listen to the article:
bard: poet (archaic)
handful: small number
hastily: fast, in a hurry
twins: two siblings (brothers/sisters) born on the same day
encompass: to contain, include, surround
playwright: someone who writes plays (for the theatre)
bulk: majority, largest part
bear: to carry, show
ward off: to scare someone (so that they go) away
curse: an expression to give another person bad luck
“The Bard of Avon”, as he was known, wrote at least 37 plays and a collection of sonnets, established the legendary Globe theatre and helped transform the English language.
William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, a bustling market town 100 miles northwest of London, and baptized there on 26th April, 1564. His birthday is traditionally celebrated on 23rd April, which was the date of his death in 1616 and is the feast day of St. George, the patron saint of England.
Sources from William Shakespeare’s lifetime spell his last name in more than 80 different ways, ranging from “Shappere” to “Shaxberd.” In the handful of signatures that have survived, he himself never spelled his name as we do now, but in fact used variations such as “Willm Shakspere” and “William Shakspeare” instead.
At 18, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway (1556-1616), a woman eight years his senior, in a ceremony thought to have been hastily arranged due to her pregnancy. A daughter, Susanna, was born less than seven months later in May 1583. Twins Hamnet and Judith followed in February 1585. Susanna and Judith would live to old age, while Hamnet, Shakespeare’s only son, died at 11. As for William and Anne, it is believed that the couple lived apart for most of the year while Will pursued his writing and theatre career in London. It was not until the end of his life that Shakespeare moved back in with Anne in their Stratford home.
Shakespeare’s first plays, believed to have been written before or around 1592, encompass tragedy, comedy and history. Shakespeare was likely affiliated with several different theatre companies when these early works debuted on the London stage. In 1594 he began writing and acting for a troupe known as the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, ultimately becoming its house playwright and partnering with other members to establish the legendary Globe theatre in 1599.
Shakespeare died aged 52 of unknown causes on 23rd April, 1616, leaving the bulk of his estate to his daughter Susanna. Anne Hathaway, who outlived her husband by seven years, famously received his “second-best bed.” The slabstone over Shakespeare’s tomb, located inside a Stratford church, bears an epitaph—written, some say, by the bard himself—warding off grave robbers with a curse: “Blessed be the man that spares these stones, / And cursed be he that moves my bones.” His remains have yet to be disturbed, despite requests by archaeologists keen to reveal what killed him.
Something to chat about
- Have you read anything by Shakespeare?
- Why do you think people study him at school?
- How do you think he contributed to English?
- How do you think Shakespeare’s life was different from yours or mine? Why?
- Have you ever visited the Globe theatre?
- Can you tell the story of Romeo and Juliet?
- What do you think made his plays so popular?
- Who is considered the greatest Spanish-speaking writer?
- How important is literature to you?
Write your answers and send them by email to your ECP coach.
Why not record your voice too? Listen to yourself speak and identify what you have to improve on 🙂
This story was adapted from: http://www.history.com/topics/british-history/william-shakespeare