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Basque pro-independence group will reveal location of arms caches to French authorities
Vocabulary. Read and check you understand this before you read and listen to the article:
arms caches: collections of weapons stored in hidden places
disarmament: the reduction or withdrawal of weapons
arsenal: a collection of weapons or military equipment
cessation: the process of ending something
to be coupled with: as well as
an affair (context): an event
seizure: the action of capturing something or someone
to yield: to produce
ceasefire: a suspension of fighting
aim: objective or target, purpose or intention
to disband (a group): to break up, separate
to show up: to make an appearance
Civilian intermediaries speaking in the name of ETA, the Basque terrorist organisation, will notify the French judiciary of the location of its arms caches in what constitutes a unilateral and unconditional disarmament to be completed on 8th April.
“ETA has made us responsible for disarmament of its arsenal, and by the afternoon of 8th April, ETA will be completely unarmed,” said Jean Noël Etcheverry Txetx, an activist with a radical Basque group called Bizi, in statements to French newspaper, Le Monde.
The disarmament process will be supervised by the International Verification Commission (IVC), created in 2011 after ETA announced a permanent cessation of violence, and by the Basque government.
But the impossibility of carrying this out, coupled with permanent police tracking of ETA’s movements, has pushed the organisation into a change of strategy.
ETA’s arsenal has been out of use for over five years, making the decommissioning a symbolic affair. Spanish media say recent seizures of arms have been quite small, which they say indicate that ETA does not have many weapons left.
The latest police seizure of weapons in France, last December, yielded 12 submachine guns, nine machine guns, 25 light weapons and two grenades. This was estimated to be around 20% of ETA’s entire arsenal.
In January 2011, ETA announced a “permanent, general and verifiable” ceasefire with the express aim of ending its more than 50-year campaign of terrorist violence.
After the definitive end of violence, ETA attempted to negotiate the terms of decommissioning with the Spanish government. The terrorist organisation sent a delegation to Norway to await a representative of the Popular Party administration, but nobody showed up.
In February 2013, the ETA delegation was asked to leave Norway following pressure from the Spanish government.
Mariano Rajoy’s Popular Party government has insisted that ETA must disarm and disband, while also stating that he will not be making any concessions, ‘as nothing cannot be exchanged for nothing’.
In a tweet, Interior Minister Juan Ignacio Zoido said: “What ETA must do is disband and disappear. It has had time to disarm and it must know that it won’t get anything in exchange.”
“Let’s chat about that!”
Write your answers and send them by email to your ECP coach. Why not record your voice too? Listen to yourself speak and identify what you have to improve on 🙂
Give reasons for your answers
- Are you for or against Basque independence Why?
- Do you think this news is important? Why/not?
- How do you think political change is best achieved?
- How has ETA’s permanent ceasefire changed the Basque Country and people’s perception of it?
- Do you think that the Basque Country will ever be independent? Why/not?